وضعیت اقدامات متقابل پس از ورود شورای امنیت به حقوق عدم‌اشاعه

نوع مقاله: علمی - ترویجی

نویسندگان

کارشناسی ارشد حقوق بین‌الملل دانشکده روابط بین‌الملل وزارت امور خارجه، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پرونده هسته‌ای ایران در 2006 از سوی شورای حکّام آژانس بین‌المللی انرژی اتمی به شورای امنیت ارجاع و شورای امنیت ‏تعدادی قطعنامه علیه ایران تصویب نمود. به‌تبع قطعنامه‌های شورا، برخی دولت‌ها اقدامات فراقطعنامه‌‌ای زیادی علیه ایران ‏وضع نمودند. توجیه این دولت‌ها برای اقدامات فراقطعنامه‌ای اقدامات متقابل بود. اقدامات متقابل در حقوق عدم‌اشاعه به‌دلیل ‏خاص بودن این رژیم، با حقوق بین‌الملل عام تفاوت‌هایی دارد. پس از ورود شورا روابط حقوقی دولت‌ها با یکدیگر و ایران ‏پیچیده‌تر نیز گشته بود.‏

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Legal Status of Countermeasures after Intervening the UN Security Council ‎in Non-Proliferation Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Khalili Torghabe
  • Yasir Salarian
M.A in International Law at School of International Relations, Affiliated to the ‎Ministry of Foreign ‎Affairs, Tehran, Iran .
چکیده [English]

The case of Iran's nuclear program was first referred to the UN Security Council by ‎the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency in 2006, and ‎UN Security Council adopted a number of resolutions against Iran. In consequence ‎of these resolutions, some States apparently imposed more sanctions against Iran ‎and went further beyond the resolutions. These States justified their acts under the ‎rules of countermeasures. A countermeasure under the non-proliferation regime, ‎which is an especial regime, is very different than general international law. After ‎engaging of UNSC to the relations between Iran and other States, the situation ‎became more sophisticated.‎

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Security Council
  • Resolutions
  • Beyond-resolution Measures‎
  • Countermeasures
  • Non-‎proliferation Law.‎

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