عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
National Security (state), was appeared along with the emergence of independent states sovereignty means. The National Security was considered state as the only security and its main concern was to keep safe the state from external military threats. Lack of sufficient attention to threats which target human subjects were led to human security term into the legal literature. The term was manifested firstly in Independent Commission on Disarmament and security issues (Palme Commission). United Nations Development Program also studied legal and conceptual aspects of human security after a decade, and stated that the individuals must be at the heart of affairs. UNDP in report it’s in 1994 pointed two major parts of human security: freedom from fear and freedom from want. Human security concern is recognition and elimination elements which threat individuals’ rights every wherein the world. The common goal between human rights and human security has caused that some scholars suppose these two concepts are the same. However, it is noteworthy that the study areas of human security are broader than human rights. States and international organization have attempted in order to promote and development human security in the recent years. One of those efforts is United Nations and its specialized agencies acts.