عنوان مقاله [English]
The impact of laws on estate acquisition on city real estate. State and municipalities to do the duties and responsibilities that are responsible, such as real and legal persons, in the necessary time, they form the contracts with others which these contracts are done in the form of contracts such as sale, rent, compromise, mortgage, power of attorney, swaps and contracts referred to in Article 10 of Civil Code. In addition, to implement their programs and projects, they need to acquisition and possession of properties which according to existing laws and regulations, they apply the acquisition and possession of their personal properties. Of course, they must use national and state property and lands. In many cases, because of the inadequacy of the estate, land acquisition and property of people is necessary. Thus, it is possible that a conflict arise between the private interests of individuals and the public interest of community. However, due to reasonable and logical reasons, discarding and ignoring the public interest is not accepted. But this should not be cause the damage of individuals. The respect to the principle of autonomy and the principle of freedom of contracts requires that the rights and aspirations of individuals are considered. However, comply with the above principles should not be conflicted to supply the wants and needs. Therefore, the necessity of laws and regulations that concern the interests of property owners and the interests of society is considered. Reviewing the relevant laws and regulations and pay attention to the question of to what extent the rules is in this regard, is necessary.