انتقال مالکیت و اجاره اشیاء فضایی موجود در مدار در پرتو حقوق بین‌الملل فضایی

نوع مقاله: علمی - ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دوره دکترای حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران جنوب

2 استادیار دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر و در رویه جدید صنعت فضایی انتقال مالکیت و اجاره اشیاء فضایی موجود در مدار، خصوصاً ماهواره‌ها، افزایش یافته است. این در حالی است که در هیچ‌یک از اسناد حقوق بین‌الملل فضایی اشاره‌ای به ممنوعیت انتقال مالکیت و اجاره اشیاء فضایی موجود در مدار نشده است؛ بنابراین، در این مقاله با پذیرش آزادی انتقال مالکیت و اجاره اشیاء فضایی موجود در مدار درصدد آنیم که در پرتو اسناد حقوق بین‌الملل فضایی نظیر معاهده فضای ماورای جو مصوب 1967، کنوانسیون مسئولیت مصوب 1972، کنوانسیون ثبت مصوب 1975 و قطعنامه‌های 115/59 و 101/62 مجمع عمومی سازمان ملل متحد، وضعیت حقوقی دولت(های) پرتاب‌کننده و دولت(های) انتقال‌گیرنده را از حیث مسئولیت بین‌المللی، مسئولیت جبران خسارت و ثبت شیء فضایی بررسی و تحلیل نماییم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Transfer of Ownership and Lease of Space Objects in Orbit in the Light of International Space Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosna Khalvandi 1
  • Dr. Seyed Hadi Mahmoudi 2
1 Ph.D. Student of International Law at Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Faculty of Law at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In recent years and in new trends in space industry, transfer of ownership and lease of space objects in orbit, especially satellites, have increased. However, none of the documents in international space law have any reference to the prohibition of the transfer of ownership and the lease of space objects in orbit. Therefore, this article, by accepting the freedom of the transfer of ownership and the lease of space objects in orbit in accordance with the international space law documents such as Outer Space Treaty (1967), Liability Convention (1972), Registration Convention (1975), UN General Assembly Resolutions 59/115 & 62/101, tries to analyze the legal status of Launching State(s) and Transferee State(s) in these processes in terms of international responsibility, international liability and registration of space objects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Transfer of Ownership
  • Lease
  • international responsibility
  • Liability
  • Registration
  • Appropriate State
  • Launching State
  • State of Registry
  • General Assembly Resolution 59/115 & 62/101

فهرست منابع

الف) منابع فارسی

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