مکانیسم‌های حل‌وفصل اختلافات در اتحادیة کشورهای جنوب شرق آسیا (آ.سه.آن.)؛ مدلی برای سازمان همکاری اقتصادی (اکو)

نوع مقاله: علمی - ترویجی

نویسنده

کارشناس حقوق، دانشکدة حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

اتحادیة کشورهای جنوب شرق آسیا (آ.سه.آن.) از مهم‌ترین بلوک‌های اقتصادی ـ تجاری در منطقة آسیا ـ اقیانوسیه و از معدود سازمان‌های بین‌المللی موفق در میان کشورهای درحال‌توسعه به‌شمار می‌رود. بخش قابل‌توجهی از این موفقیت را می‌توان ناشی از بهره‌مندی سازمان مذکور از زیرساخت‌های حقوقی گسترده و یکپارچه‌ای دانست که اعضای آن از بدو تأسیس، مرحله‌به‌مرحله اقدام به طراحی و اجرای آنها کرده‌اند. یکی از ارکان بنیادین ساختار حقوقی آ.سه.آن.، نظام چندبخشی حل‌وفصل اختلافات در آن است که مقالة حاضر به بررسی حیطة اعمال، مراجع صالح و روند رسیدگی در هر یک ‌خواهد پرداخت. نوشتار حاضر بر آن است که توصیف و شناخت این بخش از نظام حقوقی آ.سه.آن. می‌تواند در پیاده‌سازی الگوهای حل‌وفصل اختلاف آن در سایر سازمان‌های بین‌المللی موجود در میان کشورهای درحال‌توسعه، به‌ویژه سازمان همکاری اقتصادی (اکو) مؤثر افتد؛ سازمان‌هایی که نبود زیرساخت‌های مذکور، عملکرد کارآمد آنها را با موانع بسیاری روبه‌رو ساخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

ASEAN Dispute Settlement Mechanisms; A Model for the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Narimani Zamanabadi
Senior LL.B. Student, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (“ASEAN”) is regarded as one of the most important economic-trade blocks around the world and one the few successful international organizations among the developing countries. A great deal of such success could be attributed to the integrated legal infrastructures which ASEAN benefits from; legal infrastructures which the members have designed and implemented on a step by step basis since the establishment of the organization. Among these, the multi-facet ASEAN system of dispute settlement is a cornerstone. This paper seeks to examine the applicability, competent authorities and the procedures of this system in deciding a broad range of disputes. Accordingly and by the way describing this part of the legal system of ASEAN, this paper is based on the belief that modeling the ASEAN dispute settlement mechanisms in similar international organizations among developing countries, specifically the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), can make a significant contribution as to improving the functioning of such organizations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ASEAN
  • Dispute Settlement
  • Arbitration
  • Legal Modeling
  • ECO

فهرست منابع

الف) منابع فارسی

قانون تشویق و حمایت سرمایه‌گذار خارجی، مصوب سال 1380، مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام.

قانون موافقت‌نامة تشویق و حمایت متقابل از سرمایه‌گذاری بین دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران و دولت جمهوری فدرال آلمان، مصوب سال 1382 مجلس شورای اسلامی.

قانون موافقت‌نامة تشویق و حمایت متقابل از سرمایه‌گذاری بین دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران و کنفدراسیون سوئیس، مصوب سال 1380 مجلس شورای اسلامی.

منشور آ.سه.آن.

موافقت‌نامة تجارت ترجیحی میان دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران و جمهوری ترکیه.

موافقت‌نامة تجاری سازمان همکاری‌ اقتصادی (اکو).

ب) منابع انگلیسی

“ASEAN Annual Report of 2015-2016.” Turning Vision into Reality for a Dynamic ASEAN Community, Jakarta: The ASEAN Secretariat, June 2016.

“ASEAN Legal Instruments, Instruments of Ratification.” Accessed October 18, 2016. http://agreement.asean.org/agreement/detail/42.html.

Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investments, 15 December 1987.

Amazou, AA., V. Raghavan. “The Legal Framework for Arbitration in Sri Lanka: Past and Present.” Journal of International Arbitration 17(6) (2000): 111-135.

Amini, Mohammad Hossein. “ECO Statistical Report.” Directorate for Projects, Economic Research and Statistics: Economic Cooperation Organization, April 2015.

Anh Tuan H. “ASEAN Dispute Management: Implications for Vietnam and an Expanded ASEAN.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 18 (1996): 61-80.

ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement, 26 February 2009.

ASEAN CONCORD II (BALI CONCORD II), 16 October 2003.

ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services, 15 December 1995.

ASEAN Protocol on Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism, 29 November 2004.

ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement, 26 February 2009.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations. “ASEAN Charter.” Accessed October 19, 2016. http://asean.org/asean/asean-charter.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations. “ASEAN Member States.” Accessed October 19, 2016. http://asean.org/asean/asean-member-states.

Canallero, Anthony M. Mechanisms of Dispute Settlement: The ASEAN Experience. Singapore: 1998.

Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015, 13 January 2007.

Charter of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN Charter), 20 November 2007.

Colletta, NJ, Teck TG, Kelles-Viitanen A, eds. Social Cohesion and Conflict Prevention in Asia: Managing Diversity through Development. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2001.

Declaration on the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint, 12 November 2007.

Declaration on the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality, 27 November 1971.

Eccleston, Bernard, Michael Dawson; Deborah J. McNamara, eds. The Asia-Pacific Profile. London: Routledge in Association with the Open University, 1998.

Framework Agreement on Enhancing ASEAN Economic Cooperation, 28 January 1992.

Framework Agreement on the ASEAN Investment Area, 07 October 1998.

Kraichitti, Krit. “Dispute Settlement Mechanisms for ASEAN Community: Experiences, Challenges and Way Forward.” Paper Presented at the Workshop on Trade and Investment, ASEAN Law Association, 12th General Assembly, Manila, Republic of Philippines, 25-28 February 2015.

Oduwole, Jumoke. “WTO Dispute Settlement Understanding Remedies Reform: An African Perspective.” (January 2012). Electronic Copy Available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2119857. (Accessed October 02, 2016).

Protocol Amending the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asian, 15 December 1987.

Protocol on Dispute Settlement Mechanism, 20 November 1996.

Protocol to Amend Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investments, 12 September 1996.

Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Enhancing ASEAN Economic Cooperation, 15 December 1995.

Protocol to the ASEAN Charter on Dispute Settlement Mechanisms, 08 April 2010.

Report of the Seminar on “DSM of ASEAN and Rules on Submitting Non-Compliances Disputes to the ASEAN Summit.” Thailand: Miracle Grand Convention Hotel, Hosted by ASEAN Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 24 January 2012.

Rules of Procedure of the High Council of the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, 31 July 2001.

Sucharitkul, S. “ASEAN Partnership and Cooperation with non-ASEAN Partners.” Singapore Journal of Legal Studies 8 (1991): 562.

The ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration), 08 August 1967.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1995.

The General Agreement on Trade in Services, 1995.

Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asian, 24 February 1976.

Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, 1995.

Van den Bossche, Peter. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization; Text, Cases and Materials. New York: Cambridge University, 2005.

Van Grasstek, Craig. The History and Future of the World Trade Organization. Geneva: WTO Publications, 2013.

Wira Koesnaidi, Joseph, Jerry Shalmont and Yunita Fransisca. “For a More Effective and Competitive ASEAN Dispute Settlement Mechanism.” Paper Prepared for WTI/SECO Project, Jakarta, June 2014.

World Trade Organization. “Understanding the WTO: The Organization, Members and Observers.” Accessed October 19, 2016. https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm.

Zhu, Weidong. “The Dispute Settlement Mechanism of ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and Its Implications for SADC.” Paper Presented for the First International Conference on Regional Integration and SADC Law held in Maputo, Mozambique, April 2008.