بانک جهانی در تلاش برای دستیابی به حفظ صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی

نوع مقاله: علمی - ترویجی

نویسنده

دکترای حقوق بین‌الملل و مدرس دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پردیس

چکیده

حل مشکلات جهانی در زمینه حفظ صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی نیازمند اقدام جهانی است. صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی تنها با عدم توسل به زور حاصل نمی‌شود و مسائل اقتصادی و اجتماعی تأثیر بسیاری بر آن دارد. بانک جهانی در جهت دستیابی به صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی تلاش بسیاری را در جهت کاهش فقر نموده است. به هر حال، سطح بالای فقر در گستره جهانی نه تنها از نظر اخلاقی مردود است بلکه به طور فزاینده‌ای تهدیدکننده صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی است. لذا، بانک جهانی به روش‌های مختلف و درهمکاری با ارکان حافظ صلح سازمان ملل متحد، تلاش بسیاری را در این زمینه نموده است علاوه بر آنکه اقدامات داخلی دولت‌ها باید به گونه‌ای باشد تا رفاه جهانی را گسترش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

World Bank Effort to Maintain International Peace and Security

نویسنده [English]

  • Malihe Behfar
چکیده [English]

The programs of international peace and security require global arrangement. It is widely accepted that social and economic issues will impact on international peace and security. World Bank efforts to achieve target of helping developing countries and poverty reduction. The high level of poverty in the world is not only morally unacceptable but it increase threat to international security. Peacekeeping has two phases. One of them is before the outbreak of hostilities and attempts to prevent breach of the peace and security. the second is after the outbreak of hostilities in conflict rebuilding efforts and prevent to return to before situation. World Bank confers easy loans with lower interest also offering technical assistance to countries in cooperation with united nation organs .different subjects such as political, economical, environmental topic are affected on international security so achieving this end need international cooperation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Peace and Security
  • World Bank
  • poverty reduction
  • developing
  • peace building commission
  • peace building fund
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