نوع مقاله : علمی- پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه حقوق عمومی و بین الملل، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد الکترونیکی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 گروه حقوق، واحد تهران شرق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The protection of cultural heritage is a common mission between governments& nations,so governments,on behalf of the people,try to protect the rights of the public by enacting laws& regulations& the people must comply with the relevant laws,While guarding their rights,will help the government to protect the rights of other citizens.Undoubtedly,the preservation of the cultural-historical heritage of the country,whether movable or immovable,as a crucial part of the historical identity of nations,regardless of whether they are privately or publicly owned,is one of the aspects of public law,the Benefit of which is an undeniable right of individuals in the society.Therefore,the unilateral action of the government to register valuable historical-cultural monuments in the list of national monuments can cause damage.Therefore,in this article,we try to examine the laws related to the protection of cultural-historical heritage& jurisprudential rules,especially the harmless rule and the principle of dominance in Shiite jurisprudence& the opinion of the jurists regarding the right of ownership of individuals over their property,exploring the importance of preserving immovable national monuments to protect the public interest& examining the consequences of non-compensation for damages resulting from the non-benefit of private owners of the country's historic& cultural buildings by the government& examining the ability to compensate for damages caused by the non-benefit of private beneficiaries of monuments registered in the list of national monuments of the country& finally,to provide an appropriate legal solution& mechanism to increase the participation of private owners of valuable historic buildings& beneficiaries with the government to maintain the national monuments of the country.