استادیار دانشگاه پیام نور استان قزوین.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The rule which applied to all types and forms of succession (cession, dismemberment of States, unification of States) was that the property of the predecessor State became the property of the successor State directly on the basis of international law. There is no universally accepted definition of State property in international law, so different definitions were elaborated in specific treaties, other international instruments dealing with the succession of States, and in the international jurisprudence. One must use the municipal law of the predecessor to show that what were the property of predecessor state. This practice is confirmed in Vienna convention 1983 (state succession in respect of property& Archive & debts) . The rules of succession in respect of State debts are disputed, the practice is extremely differentiated, and the formulation of conclusions as to the possible customary nature of various rules is very difficult. In different types of State succession we face any of a total transfer of debts to the successor State, a total rejection of the transfer, or all of the intermediate solutions. The Acts of successor states may depends on the nature of debts and the kind of successions.