نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
استادیار دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Constitutional Council (Conseil Constitutionnel) is the highest constitutional authority in the France. It was established by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958, and its duty is to ensure that the principles and rules of the constitution are upheld. Indeed the establishment of this institution is as important as the French revolution. Following from the 2008 constitutional revision, appointments to the Council will be subject to a Parliamentary approval process which is an important revolution in the process of law-making in France. In this essay we will analysis the nature of the essential proceeding in the future of the French law, and then we will consider the functions, competences and the jurisprudence of the council.