عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this article, we will examine the nature and the extent of the involvement of nongovernmental organizations in the activities of the World Trade Organization. We look at the arguments for and against NGOs involvement in WTO activities and discuss the legal basis for the involvement of NGOs in WTO activities and the various forms of involvement provided for it. We will compare the position of NGOs in the WTO with their position in other international organizations, in particular, the United Nations. Subsequently, this article explores the practice of WTO engagement with NGOs, and finally, it examines and compares the rules and procedures of the WTO and the United Nations for the selection of the NGOs with which to engage. In this regard, Justified concerns about the legitimacy, accountability, and politics of NGOs could be eliminated, or at least mitigated, by introducing a system of accreditation in the WTO. While NGO involvement in the WTO definitely has its limits and its scopes, the involvement of NGOs in other international organizations, in particular, the United Nations suggests that these limits have not been achieved yet.