نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
1 کارشناسارشد حقوق خصوصی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
When it comes to bankruptcy, it seems that the situation of businessman's creditors, in spite of the fact that there are more precise issues, the situation of creditors in a merchant so that he tries to violate their rights by resorting to the rules governing bankruptcy, should be considered more. Bankruptcy has two roles of bankruptcy and compensation. The historical mission of this legal foundation is to prevent the creation of new debts and pay the payment. It is possible, however, that the existence of debt is temporary and, after a period of time with the sale of goods, the receipt of credits or the effect of the passing of the creditors, it may be required to establish a fair policy on the balance of creditors, since in bankruptcy law principle is based on the equality of creditors, it is necessary to consider all diane as a source of obligation.