نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
1 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق نفت و گاز، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس فارابی، قم.
2 کارشناسی ارشد تجارت بینالملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Legislators protect bills of exchange such as promissory notes, drafts, and cheques through the ways which are completely different from those for civil documents due to their different nature. This article is aimed to examine whether the separate piece of paper which is attached to the bills of exchange, specifically drafts, is considered as bills of exchange or not and what the legal nature of such an attached sheet is. For example, when the holder endorses a draft through signing the attached paper, is such an endorsement legally acceptable? What are the legal effects of it? Owing to the current approach taken by legislators, it seems that such an endorsement has still commercial nature under some circumstances. This paper hopefully tries to explain the legal nature and effects of such a separate but attached piece of paper by examining various commercial actions that possibly happened on the bill.