نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
دانشجوی دکترای حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Corruption has a complex nature with a vast and divers of effect. This phenomenon results in the decline in investment and economic growth, distortion of the expenditure patterns of government, increase in the gap among different income groups and inequality. Moreover, it destroys collective consciousness, reduces the legitimacy and creditability of government and in a general terms it damages economic, social and cultural pillars of communities For tackling this rampant malice, all aspects and features of corruption should be identified. Thenhaving found an extensive and exclusive definition its favourable grounds and reasons should be looked in to and approaches to fight against it should be recognized by other countries and considering national as well as international capacities Criminal policy is considered as a significant measure for preventing and fighting against crimes and abuses which follow diverse models in different communities Legislative criminal policy is one of the most influential measures acceptable by most political systems. In this paper efforts have been made to reiterate that corruption is resulted from the abuse done by individuals (in both private and public sector) due to the defect or lack of sufficient sanction provided by laws with this supposition that Iran, s legislative criminal policy has not been developed based on the advancement of its bureaucratic system as well as national, economic and social activities For the purpose of proving this supposition, rules and regulations governing the fight and prevention of corruption including constitutional and ordinary ones have been reviewed and ambiguities and loopholes in this respect have been analyzed.