عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Industrial revolution and development of different means of transport have played a significant role in evolution of civil liability regulations. To cope with particular requirements of the legal liability is the main reason for abandoning traditional regulations of tort, and thus adopting new regulations in this area. These new rules were first adopted by the European countries, and latter by others. Iran was heavily influenced by this new system, and compulsory third party accident insurance act was adopted first and then completed by some other acts for the protection of traffic events, including those involving pedestrians. However adoption of the Islamic Penal Code stopped this protecting process. Also role of judicial precedent and practice of the courts, to implement IPC, in dismantling previous Acts should not be ignored.