عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
First years of the twenty-first century is a decisive moment in the human story in which, different societies are interconnected as well as face threats that no nation can hope to master by acting alone. In 2003, The UN Secretary General established a High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change to suggest how nations can work together to meet this formidable challenges. This paper critically analyzes the 2004 Report of the Panel and international developments on use of force inter alia, preemptive self-defense in light of jus ad bellum. The author concludes that the recommendations provided by the Panel are primarily not useful to effective maintenance of international peace and security.