نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
The main issue discussed this article is the role of Iranian Judiciary in implementation of international conventional and customary obligations. The argues that the Iranian judiciary and its judges ought act their legal duty i.e.: settlement of disputes and punishment of unlawful behaviors within law framework, based on both domestic and international laws. However, the Iranian legal system has not completely developed in this aspect. In spite of art. 9 of Iranian Civil Code on acceptance legally binding force of treaties ratified by Iranian parliament, the status of international customary obligations of the state and their implementation by the courts is not clear. The author in particular in the light of international responsibility, believes that implementation of international legally binding obligations in internal courts, is an established rule in the contemporary international law. Therefore, the Iranian legal system shall be developed in this case. The new Jurisprudence of a Tehran Public Court on obligatory status of implementation of the United Nations Charter and the relevant Security Council Resolutions for the Iranian courts has a legal consequence of its acceptance in the parliament, is the main focus here.