نوع مقاله : علمی - ترویجی
1 گروه حقوق، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
2 دانشجوی مقطع دکترای حقوق خصوصی، دانشکده حقوق، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The agency contract is one of the specific contracts which has basic role in society and people’s relationships. Advocacy as a proof of contract of attorney ship is so important from the respect of proving the right of offended person. A large number of rules and technical arbitration on the one hand and lack of familiarity of all the people in the community with these affairs on the other hand, causes the need to have attorney in the society. Naturally the attorney is not only responsible for his client, but also he has responsibility towards the community and his guild system, this issue is worth considering from civil, criminal, and security aspects. Although the issue that will be analyzed in this paper is attorney’s criminal liability, sometimes as a number of society and sometimes as an “attorney of justice administration”; so the attorney can be committed public offenses that will be responsible just as ordinary (other) people (public criminal liability) and also he can be held accountable for crimes which legislator has criminalized for them - attorneys of justice administration. In the latter case he will be convicted to the penalty provided by law (particular criminal liability). Vs there are some cases due to lack of foresight of sanction, attorney’s action will be without any criminal liability. Met as (being) a “lawyer” follows a responsibility under the title “professional responsibility” that is applied sometimes alone, sometimes in parallel criminal liability and sometimes after achieving it.